The Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP26) has just been held in the UK. Accordingly, the United Nations has announced a global roadmap for clean energy transition by 2030. The goal is to aim for net zero emissions (Net Zero) by 2050 with the participation of nearly 200 countries around the world. Around the world.
1. The United Nations publishes a roadmap on clean energy transition
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has issued a global roadmap to achieve a fundamental transition in energy access and transition by 2030. Accordingly, by 2025, the roadmap sets out a time frame to ensure 500 million more people have access to electricity and 1 billion people have access to clean cooking alternatives in just 4 years.
This requires an annual increase in investment in clean cooking and access to energy. This required investment is a small fraction of the total global energy investment worth trillions of dollars, but it will benefit a third of the world’s population enormously. More than 130 heads of state and government, as well as global leaders, from business and other sectors, have committed more than $400 billion in additional investments and investments to the NLS as part of the agreements. voluntary Energy Compacts at the United Nations high-level discussion on energy.
The roadmap also calls for reorienting fossil fuel consumption subsidies to renewable energy and energy efficiency by 2025, as well as increasing modern renewable energy capacity globally, doubling investment. annually on renewable energy and energy efficiency globally, and create 30 million more jobs in renewable energy and energy efficiency. By investing in poverty alleviation, health, education and social protection, these activities will help achieve a green and inclusive recovery.
The most pressing goal of the roadmap is to ensure that no new coal-fired power plants are operational after 2021. In the run-up to the energy summit, the Energy Alliance and UN-Energy have come up with a plan. Energy Agreement “No New Coal Power” with 7 participating member countries, including Chile, Denmark, France, Germany, Montenegro, Sri Lanka and the UK. The roadmap calls for an annual tripling of investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency, as well as global renewable power capacity by 2030 for OECD countries, while phasing out coal power plants. globally by 2040.
2. The goals of the clean energy transition roadmap
The Global Roadmap briefly calls TGR with 5 main goals: a call to action to close the energy access gap; rapid transition to a decarbonized energy system; mobilize finance for implementation; leaving no one behind after the Net Zero clean energy transition; and harnessing innovation, technology and data.
5 goals of the clean energy transition roadmap
To achieve these goals, important milestones are set for 2025 and 2030 with specific targets.
2.1 8 goals to be achieved by 2025
1/ An additional 500 million people have access to electricity.
2/ More than 1 billion people have access to clean cooking solutions.
3/ Annual investment in access to electricity increases to $35 billion and access to clean cooking increases to $25 billion.
4/ Increase 100% of modern renewable energy capacity globally.
5/ Annual investment doubles in renewable energy and energy efficiency globally.
6/ There is no plan for new coal power to be born and put into operation after 2021.
7/ Fossil fuel consumption subsidy towards renewable energy and efficient use of energy.
8/ Create more than 30 million jobs in renewable energy and energy efficiency.
2.2 7 goals to be achieved by 2030
1/ Universal access to electricity and clean cooking solutions.
2/ Global renewable electricity capacity tripled.
3/ Double the rate of energy efficiency improvement globally.
4/ Annual investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency around the world triples.
5/ phasing out coal power plans within the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) by 2030 and globally by 2040.
6/ Create 60 million more jobs in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency.
7/ Universal access to electricity at all medical facilities and all schools worldwide.
3. Vietnam with the world’s energy transition roadmap
Vietnam we attended at the 4th Forum “Russian Energy Week” held in Moscow (October 13-15, 2021) with a speech by Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh emphasizing the role of role in developing the energy sector in an efficient and sustainable manner, for the common benefit of nations and of all mankind.
See also: 4 goals of COP26 and Vietnam’s commitment to abandon coal power
At the same time, the Conference to collect opinions on completing the National Electricity Development Plan for the period of 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2045 (Power Master Plan VIII) chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh.